Traditional Thanksgiving Bread Stuffing

By Sally Cameron on November 13, 2011

Holiday Dishes, Side Dishes, Thanksgiving, Vegan, Vegetarian

Stuffing or dressing? My mom and I used to go round and around about what its called. She called it stuffing because she cooked it stuffed inside the bird. For faster roasting and food safety reasons, I prefer to cook it separately in a shallow casserole, hence the term dressing. No matter what you call it, you can’t serve a traditional Thanksgiving dinner without it. Here’s my recipe, a take on my mom’s traditional Thanksgiving bread stuffing with herbs.

turkey stuffing |

Family Tradition

One year it hit me that my mom would not live forever. If I wanted to make her traditional turkey stuffing I’d better pay attention. Notebook in hand, I followed her around the kitchen documenting every step. Because she never used a recipe, I made her measure everything she used.

With my mom now gone, I’m thankful for those memories and the lessons learned. With bread being the main component in stuffing, good quality bread is essential. Mom always used white bread, which I rarely buy. It’s been replaced by healthier whole wheat. But for stuffing, you can’t beat classic white bread.

I did some research before choosing my bread. Visiting every grocery store in my area, reviewing the brands and reading the labels was eye opening. One popular brand had 4 grams of fat and 2 grams of saturated fat per slice. I eventually chose a healthy artisan-style loaf from an organic bakery with ingredients you could pronounce.

Dry Your Bread

Lay the bread slices out on a cutting board. Trim the crusts and discard the heels. I used to save them and feed the ducks at a local park. Next, trim the slices into small cubes about ½”-3/4” in size. Spread the cubes out on a rimmed baking sheet (or two for plenty of air circulation) and allow them to stand uncovered 18-24 hours to dry. You can do this several days ahead, packaging the dry cubes in an airtight container or plastic zip bag until you are ready to continue.

Prep Your Vegetables

Instead of just onion and celery, I add fennel, leeks and garlic for more flavor in the “aromatics” department. If you have not cooked with fennel or leeks, they add good texture, flavor and depth of flavor to the stuffing. For leeks, trim the dark green top of off and discard (or save for making stock or broth). Trim off the root end. Slice the light green and white part of the leek in half lengthwise and run under cold water to dislodge any sand or grit. Cut leek crosswise into thin strips.

For fennel – Trim stalks off the top of the fennel bulb. Save fluffy fronds for garnish if desired. Trim the bottom of the fennel bulb. Cut the bulb in half top to bottom, then slice into long strips. Cut the strips crosswise into a small dice.

Make the Stuffing

To make your stuffing, cook the vegetables with garlic slowly in your “fat” of choice. I use olive oil or an olive oil and butter combination for the flavor and richness. Mom used a whole cube of butter. Use a large saute pan or skillet over medium low heat and cook until the vegetables are soft and translucent. Next, add your bread cubes to the pan and stir together. Remove the pan from the heat and stir in the milk and herbs. You can also use chicken, turkey or vegetable broth, or almond milk for vegans as the liquid. If you’d like to make a slightly richer version, whisk a whole egg into the milk before combining with the bread and vegetable mixture.

Place stuffing in an oiled medium sized casserole; 11″ x 7″ or 9″ x 9″ will work. Cover with foil and bake until golden. You may want to remove the foil the last few minutes for better browning. Serve with your turkey. This recipe is also great served with roast chicken throughout the year.

Helpful links on companion recipes, tools and information

Nutrition Facts
Bread Stuffing with Herbs
Amount Per Serving
Calories 422 Calories from Fat 108
% Daily Value*
Fat 12g18%
Saturated Fat 2g13%
Cholesterol 33mg11%
Sodium 607mg26%
Potassium 419mg12%
Carbohydrates 65g22%
Fiber 5g21%
Sugar 8g9%
Protein 13g26%
Vitamin A 820IU16%
Vitamin C 15mg18%
Calcium 373mg37%
Iron 6mg33%
* Percent Daily Values are based on a 2000 calorie diet.

Bread Stuffing with Herbs

Bread stuffing, or dressing, may be a Thanksgiving tradition alongside roast turkey, but it works equally as well along side roast chicken the rest of the year.  Leeks, fennel, onion and celery make a wonderful, aromatic vegetable base for the dried bread cubes and herbs. To make this vegetarian, use vegetable broth. For vegan cooks, use almond milk and all olive oil. To save time, make this in the morning, cover and refrigerate. Bring to room temp (about and hour) before baking. GF version yet to come. NOTE – Start by drying your bread cubes a day ahead of time.
Course Side Dish
Cuisine American
Keyword dressing, Stuffing, Thanksgiving
Prep Time 1 day
Cook Time 40 minutes
Servings 6 to 8
Calories 422kcal


  • 1 1/2 pound loaf artisan-style organic white bread
  • 1 medium leek light green and white part only
  • 1 medium fennel bulb trimmed and chopped small
  • 3 large celery ribs chopped small
  • 1 medium onion chopped small
  • 4 large garlic cloves chopped fine
  • 3 tablespoons olive oil or unsalted butter
  • 1/2-3/4 cup  milk or chicken, turkey, vegetable broth, or almond milk
  • 1 large egg beaten
  • 1/2 cup finely chopped parsley
  • 2 teaspoons dried thyme leaves or 1 1/2 tablespoons fresh chopped thyme
  • 1/2   teaspoon wild fennel pollen or ground fennel optional
  • salt and pepper to taste


  • DO AHEAD – Trim crusts from the bread slices. Cut each slice into 1/2″ – 3/4″ cubes. Discard crusts and heels of the loaf. Arrange cubes on rimmed baking sheets to dry, uncovered, for 18-24 hours. You can do this two days ahead and package the cubes in zip plastic bags or an airtight container. Cubes can be stored at room temperature or refrigerated until ready to use.
  • For the vegetables – Trim dark green top and root end from the leek, saving the white and light green part. Discard top or save for making broth or stock. Slice the reserved leek in half lengthwise and run under cold water to clean out any sand or dirt. Cut the leek crosswise into thin pieces.
  • For the fennel, trim stalks off the top.  Save the fluffy fronds for garnish if desired. Cut the bulb in half top to bottom. Slice the halves into long thin, strips, then crosswise into small dice. For the celery and onion, dice small. You can do these a day ahead, combine, and refrigerate until cooking time.
  • When ready to prepare the stuffing, heat the oven to 350 degrees. Heat the oil or oil/butter combination in a large saute  pan (I use a 6 quart All Clad)  or large skillet until melted. Add the leek, fennel, celery and onion. Add a little salt and pepper. Cook until soft and translucent. Add the garlic and cook another 60 seconds. Remove the pan from the heat. Stir in the bread cubes and herbs. Whisk together the milk and egg if using. Start with a 1/2 cup of milk (pr liquid of choice).  The mixture should be pretty moist and hold together. If it seems dry, add the other 1/4 cup of liquid. Season with additional salt and pepper to taste.
  • Place stuffing into an oiled or buttered medium sized  shallow casserole or baking dish and cover with foil. Bake in a 350 degree oven for approximately 30-40 minutes. Then uncover and bake until the top is golden brown and the stuffing measures 165 degrees with a kitchen thermometer. Serve and enjoy.


Calories: 422kcal | Carbohydrates: 65g | Protein: 13g | Fat: 12g | Saturated Fat: 2g | Cholesterol: 33mg | Sodium: 607mg | Potassium: 419mg | Fiber: 5g | Sugar: 8g | Vitamin A: 820IU | Vitamin C: 15mg | Calcium: 373mg | Iron: 6mg
No Comments
  1. Madonna - November 14th, 2011

    I don’t mean to gush, but I just love your site. Your dressing recipe is similar to my mom and dad’s, so I am going to try yours this year. I love the idea of the leek and fennel for more flavor.

    Your photos are beautiful, and I like peaking at your kitchen tools/gadgets. Funny huh? Also I love that you are providing weight along with volume measure. I resisted the use of weight in the beginning, but my food consistently improved so now I have embraced it. Thanks for sharing.

  2. Sergio - December 25th, 2012

    Hi! Thank you for sharing this recipe.
    We prepared it for a Christmas dinner with our friends and everybody loved it. The leek and the fennel add a great taste.

Leave a Comment